Picturing MLB Baseball Lead Off Hitters

in Sports Talk Social2 months ago


Today, we’ll use my limited data set to look at the number one hitter in a MLB lineup, and the points earned. Why start with the leadoff hitter? For starters, the leadoff hitter will get the most plate appearances per game. If the manager of the team is any good, the manager will put a player in that spot that gets on base more times than not. Why? Well runs, of course…a team needs runs scored to win. The more often a leadoff hitter gets on base, the better the probability that leadoff hitter will score with bats number two, three, and four behind him.

That’s the theory, at least.

If we return to this chart:


We see that the MLB hitter hitting in the number one spot earns the second most points per game at 11.32 points/game average. That’s not bad. Yet, I’m curious if we can see if there is any correlation between how a) bad the starting pitcher is and b) bad the opposing team’s bullpen is. We return to FIP, or the fielding independent pitching statistic.

A Team FIP Estimation

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Every day, I write down a starting pitcher’s FIP into a spreadsheet. The math above looks complicated, but all it's really attempting to do is figure out what a pitcher is ultimately responsible for, independent of fielding. The pitcher is ultimately responsible for a) striking someone out, b) walking someone, c) given up a home run, and d) hitting a batter.

I also write down each team’s updated bullpen FIP each day into the spreadsheet. I then used a weighted average to calculate what that team’s pitching FIP will be each day.

For example, last night, Brandon Woodruff started for my beloved Milwaukee Brewers. His FIP, prior to last night’s start, was 2.98 xFIP. That’s pretty good for a MLB starting pitcher. The Brewer’s bullpen, however, has a 4.28 xFIP. That isn’t so good. This part is easy enough and straightforward, but how do I come with a team FIP?

I’m lazy; I have played with statistics long enough to know there is a certain payback for generating a level of detail of statistics. Sometimes it is worth it, other times not so much. So for this example, I began with my limited data set to come up with weights.

I have tracked, so far, 1830 2/3rds innings pitched so far. Of that, starters have pitched 1086 2/3rds of that. So I then use a weight for starting pitchers of .59; relief pitchers get a weight of .41.

With that assumption in place, I can calculate the Brewer’s total team pitching FIP by doing the following:

  • 2.98 x .59 = 1.75

  • 4.28 x .41 = 1.74

  • 1.75 + 1.74 = 3.49

It’s not perfect or complicated, but it’s something. I then took the team FIPs and compared it against the opposing team’s lead off hitter’s points earned, and broke things down into quartiles, yet again:


No surprise (I didn't run any t-tests, however), but at a high level, the results makes sense. Focus on lead off hitters against team's with poor xFIP totals. I plan to use this going forward.

Last Night's Results

So how did I do last night? Ok; I just barely squeaked into placing in a 50/50. No luck on the GPP, as I placed well out of the money. That gives me a total winnings value of $2 USD, or a 16.67% return.


I'm definitely not going to retire any time soon, but it's fun. If I can breakeven and keep learning, I'm all for it. Maybe it will even let me buy some High Life for my next Brewers outting I get to watch on my couch.


The Brewers pitching staff has done a good job inducing ground balls (44.8% rate), opponents have a .263 BABIP (2nd best in MLB).

I'd say the big concern for the Brewers when it comes to pitching is that while they yield such a low BABIP, they give up hard hit rate that is so high (32.8%) along with a strong dependence on defense from 2B/SS/CF (3rd in the MLB) that is much more than other teams. The HR/FB rate (15.8% - 3rd worst in MLB) should be concerning as well, if the ball is lofted, which is not too often... the ball flies out of the park. Hot and muggy conditions aids the loft of the ball and this will be a challenge coming into June-August. The major key would seem to be keeping the ball on the ground and not drawing walks.

Another warning sign is the fact that these Brewers pitchers are hanging their breaking pitches. Sliders and curveballs are just hanging out there too often (especially Houser, Anderson, and any relief pitcher not named Josh Hader).

The addition of Willy Adames is important for the Brewers defense because of the hitter spray distribution, the Rays had to trade him though (but that's a different subject). Jackie Bradley Jr. is extremely streaky as a hitter, but his ability to add value as a defender is well-known. However, on a National League team, he's even more of liability than he was in Boston because of the lack of a DH and each position player needs to play a bigger offensive role.

Wow, great write up. thanks! I do watch bullpen xFIPs daily too, and I know the Crew are in the bottom half of the league. Plus their Pythagorean shows they are overachieving currently. No World Series here!

I look at the pitches that the pitchers deliver and their effectiveness along with LD/GB/FB and Hard/Medium/Soft Hit rates.

Bullpens are tough to simulate in any model because there is so much rotation/variability within the bullpen. Trades, shuffling between AA/AAA, role changes, injuries, etc. All you can do is just select the pitchers who have the highest usage rates from the bullpen and go from there. Although pitch mixes are sometimes indicative of the pitching coach, the most extreme example was Dave Duncan when he was with the Cardinals... nobody was throwing changeups on those teams, curveballs were the changeups.

It is tough to imagine the Brew Crew making the World Series, but winning the NL Central is still within reach. However, do the Brewers brass want to make the move to win NOW before the trade deadline? If making the NLCS is the goal and getting knocked out in 5 by an NL West team is the objective, maybe. They can't gut their farm system like the Red Sox and Tigers did. The Tigers are still trying to recover and the Red Sox completely overhauled.